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Ionic 2.0 Generators - Services

about a 2 minute read

This is the second post in a series covering the new Ionic Generators in Ionic 2.0. In the first post, we discussed generating pages, let’s focus now on generating some services to consume some JSON data via an http request.

Get the tools

Run this to get started:

Install Ionic CLI and start an Ionic application
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npm install -g ionic@alpha
ionic start MyIonic2App tabs --v2
cd MyIonic2App

Generate the service

ionic g injectable MyDataService

You should see the service:

Run generate command
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~/Development/testing/MyIonic2App$ ionic g injectable MyDataService
√ Create www/app/my-data-service/my-data-service.js

The basic blueprint of the generated service is as follows:

Generated Data Service
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import {Injectable} from 'angular2/angular2';
import {Http} from 'angular2/http';

@Injectable()
export class MyDataService {
  constructor(http: Http) {
    this.http = http;
    this.data = null;
  }

  retrieveData() {
    //Here, we're going to get a JSON data file, use the `map` call to parse json
    // and finally subscribe to the observable and set our data
    //to the value it provides once the http request is complete.
    this.http.get('path/to/data.json')
      .map(res => res.json())
      .subscribe(data => {
        this.data = data;
      }, error => {
        console.log('Error with http.get: ', error);
      });
  }
}

Wiring it in to be used

Adjust www/app/app.js to import the data service, as well as provide it for all of its components:

www/app/app.js
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import {MyDataService} from './my-data-service/my-data-service';

@App({
  template: '<ion-nav [root]="root"></ion-nav>',
  providers: [Friends, MyDataService]
})

Use the service

We’ll use the tabs starter dashboard page to pull data.

Let’s modify www/app/dash/dash.ts – adding an import for MyDataService, adding MyDataService to the constructore as an injected dependency, and finally adding the call to retrieveData in the constructore method.

www/app/dash/dash.ts
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import {Page, NavController, ViewController} from 'ionic/ionic';
import {MyDataService} from '../my-data-service/my-data-service';
import {About} from '../about/about';

@Page({
  templateUrl: 'app/dash/dash.html',
})
export class Dash {
  constructor(nav: NavController, view: ViewController, data: MyDataService) {
    this.nav = nav;
    this.view = view;
    data.retrieveData();
  }

  goToAboutPage() {
    this.nav.push(About);
  }

}

Additional information

If you’ve used Angular 1, you’re probably familiar with promises to return your data from http requests.

Under the hood of Angular 2 lies RxJs that builds on promises, focusing on being repeatable.

Enjoy!

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